Write an argumentative essay
In an argumentative text, the writer is asked to present his point of view by approaching the subject of reflection from several angles.
The goal is to convince the recipient of the text that the point of view defended in it is the right one.
The argumentative text has a rigorous structure.
Here are some tips to get started:
- Before you start writing, take the time to write down all the ideas that cross your mind, and try to organize them logically, by topic.
- For each negative idea, try to find a favorable one, for several reasons:
- balance the parts of your presentation
- to refute in advance the arguments that could be opposed to you
=> It is therefore necessary to think about all the aspects of the question, and not to be limited to its only point of view.
- You must then make several lists of vocabulary: that of the lexicon that you will have to use, then that of the words of connection to ensure the transition between the parts of your duty and finally, those of formulas which return generally in an argumentative text, some his subject. It’s usually easier for these last two because you have to practice memorizing them during your school years.
You have to practice working effectively with a dictionary, and if possible, make the effort to memorize vocabulary lists by theme.
Once all your ideas are in the form of notes, you can start writing a rough draft. Warning! The corrector will not write down your draft: do not bother to spend too much time because if the exercise is limited in time, you may overflow and no longer have enough time for writing to clean!
It must be short and precise. It starts with a ‘neutral’ sentence whose purpose is to hook the reader. We must avoid formulas that are too vague or all-encompassing in style: “Men have always been …”
Then, she takes up the title of the subject and announces the structure of the argumentative development that will follow. Be careful not to give a firm and definitive opinion immediately. We must open its introduction to give the reader the desire to know more.
It is usually composed of several parts, most often two or three.
- In the first part, we adopt the opposite point of view to that which we wish to defend.
- In the second part, we expose his point of view.
- The third part, which is not obligatory, can be a synthesis of what has been said previously.
Each part is composed of arguments and sub-arguments.
We organize them in paragraphs.
To maintain the interest of the reader, it is better to organize them from the least convincing argument to the most striking one.
In each part, three arguments organized in three paragraphs are good measure.
Each paragraph is introduced by a link word that will articulate the development, and that will allow the reader to follow effectively the thread of your thought.
The sub-arguments can take different forms: statistics, – if you have some, quotes, – if you know, proverbs, etc …
- You will recall the title of the subject and summarize your development and conclude with a firm and definitive position (closed conclusion) or with a measured position or opening a new debate (open conclusion).
- In any case, it must be treated, because this is the last impression you will leave to your reader. A failed, sloppy, confusing conclusion can negatively influence your reader, and cost you points if the reader needs to evaluate your argumentative text.